Please click button to get plautine elements in plautus book now. Translated by tomas drevikovsky and frances muecke. Things on stage become theatrical, in farce doubly so. The dramatic values in plautus by william wallace blancke. Eduard fraenkel was one of the most influential classicists of the twentieth century. The works of plautus, writes palmer bovie, mark the real beginning of roman literature. Maccius plautus, amphitryon, or jupiter in disguise, act 1, scene prol. The amphitruo is a highly exceptional play given that it is the sole example of a comic treatment of a story from grecoroman mythology among plautus s works. See all books authored by plautus, including four comedies.
Questa follows c, which has qm, an abbreviation for quoniam. Amphitryon, the comedy of asses, teh pot of gold, the two bacchises, and the captives. He is then said to have worked as a manual laborer and to have studied greek dramaparticularly the new comedy. In so doing, he gave birth to an ideathe plautine elementthat has come to. A typical plautine character is the slave who engages in elaborate trickery, often at the expense of his master and in the interest of the masters son, the young lover. Plautine elements in plautus eduard fraenkel oxford university. Amaryl lids to download pdf you need some things, like my website and the name of the file. Pdf reconsidering some plautine elements in plautus.
These two are perfect examples of the stock characters of the pompous soldier and the desperate parasite that appeared in plautine comedies. Funny things happened in roman comedy university of. Professor of latin in the central high school of philadelphia a thesis presented to the faculty of the graduate school in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy. Titus macchius plautus wrote plays in ancient rome. As per comedic conventions, the characters are typical stock characters, and the jokes are derived by a combination of verbal wit and comedic situations. While pleusicles was away, the soldier came to athens, and made advances to philocomasium. Pdf reconsidering some plautine elements in plautus amphitryo. Of the roughly one hundred and thirty comedies attributed to him in. Digital libraries initiative, phase 2 provided support for entering this text. The word plautine refers to both plautus s own amphotryon and works similar to or influenced b titus maccius plautus c. Almost nothing is known of these plays, it is usually assumed that the immediate original of the latin play was a comedy of the middle or new period. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so dont worry about it. The dramatic values in plautus by wilton wallace blancke.
Plautine elements in plautus eduard fraenkel oxford. The word plautine refers to both plautus s own works and works similar to or influenced his comedies are the earliest works in latin literature to have survived in their entirety. Plautus classical and medieval literature criticism essay. It is the best plautine comedy, way over the others. To cite an example, plautus makes his bombastic soldier in the. Poenulus at the temple dedication of venus erycina in 181 bce plautus. As a rule, the plautine play presents one plot with one problem and one set of characters.
Maccius plautus, miles gloriosus, or the braggart captain. Though this goddess had had a temple at rome since the second punic war, a. What pleasures did plautus heroic tricksters provide their original audience. It is essentially this wealth of information about the expected which makes plautus most valuable as a source for the ideas of his time. Italydied 184 bce, great roman comic dramatist, whose works, loosely adapted from greek plays, established a truly roman drama in the latin language life.
Plautus is considered to be one of ancient romes most popular and successful comic playwrights. The analytic tendency in plautine studies, which has made. Plautus imagination was not confined to individual words. His comedies are the earliest latin literary works to have survived in their entirety. Part one on amphitryo 3037 argues that the pun on quintus the name and quattuor, four, translates a pun in the greek.
An attempt is also made to distinguish between elements which may reflect the greek comic tradition and those which suggest plautine origin. Mercury was the messenger of the gods, and, therefore, the patron of messengers. But the amphitryon, though in some ways typical of new comedy. Plautus himself borrowed from the greeks, but his jokes, rapid dialogue, bawdy humor, and irreverent characterizations are the original work of an undisputed genius. Slaves, masters, and the art of authority in plautine comedy on. In athens, pleusicles was crazy for a courtesan named philocomasium. For example, the most recent work to discuss plautine insults in any depth is. Plautus, great roman comic dramatist, whose works, loosely adapted from greek plays, established a truly roman drama in the latin language. Reconsidering some plautine elements in plautus amphitryo 3037, captivi 80 4. Funny things happened in roman comedy university of georgia. Plautine elements in plautus download ebook pdfepub. His comedies are among the earliest works of latin literature that has not been lost.
In this way, plautus could greatly simplify complex characters and give the audience what it wanted. Plautus was the single greatest influence on western comedy. As a result of such approaches to plautus, i decided to focus upon plautine comedy, and in particular the staging of roman comedy, while running this workshop. Plautus barbarus download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi.
Like insult comedy, ancient comic theater was highly conventional in format and. Cover page the following handle holds various files of this leiden. Gendered humor in plautus mostellaria in plautus mostellaria, one scene has managed to elude serious scholarly criticism and, at times, has been neglected by commentators and editors altogether. Plautine metre is better understood now than two decades ago. Plautus casina is a lively and well composed farce. He was probably born in sarsina a city in romagna around 254 bc. A close look at two recent critical texts of plautus ugent biblio. Previous stages of scholarship have focused on the relation of these passages to their greek models, alternatingly identifying them as post plautine redactions, instances of contaminatio, expansions of briefer passages, or as completely free inventions by plautus. Plautus was one of ancient romes most popular playwrights.
In the opening act of the play, the adulescens philolaches completes a monologue in which he bemoans that his life has. My investigation will focus on plautus comedies because they constitute the earliest extant. In the ensemble of plautus works it is similar to what the evening star represents for eminescus poems. Class and the aulularia megadorus criticism of uxores dotatae. In recent work about plautus and philemon it has been argued that the plot of the emporos underwent farreaching changes at the hands of. Now bovie and david slavitt have brought together a distinguished group of translators for the final two volumes of a fourvolume set containing all twentyone surviving comedies of one of western literatures greatest dramatists. Poenulus features a festival to venus that bears a strong resemblance to the cult of venus erycina. It is still essential reading for students and scholars of plautus. The braggart soldier, the brothers menaechmus, the haunted house, the pot of gold oxford worlds classics, and five comedies. Titus maccius plautus commonly known as plautus, was a roman playwright of the old latin. All latin and greek is translated, thus making the work available to a. Humorous passages loosely connected with the plot and violation of dramatic illusion are clear evidence of plautus s concern for entertaining his audience with a good laugh even at the.
I show through the lens of theory that elements of plautine comedy reflect a contemporaneous discourse between the familial and the foreign. The plot, which concerns the competition of a father and his son for the same girl and the various scurrilous tricks employed in the process, gives full scope to plautus inventiveness and richly comic language. The master was sent on a journey, a government quest. Most scholars working on plautus still use the editions by leo berlin. Plautus charactersmany of which seem to crop up in quite a few of his playsalso came from greek stock, though they too received some plautine innovations.
Both playwrights combined elements of the greek new comedy with atellan characters, and the resulting genre became known as fabulae palliatae in reference to the pallium, a type of cloak worn originally by greek actors. The development of constructions as illustrated by plautus. Plautine metre is better understood now than two decades. Indeed, since plautus was adapting these plays it would be difficult not to have the same kinds of charactersroles such as slaves, concubines, soldiers, and old men. This paper supplements my funny words in plautine comedy 2010 by reinterpreting two famous plautine elements in plautus. Many people prefer to read offline or to print out text and read from the real printed page. In fact, shakespeares comedy of errors and molieres the miser are two subsequent classics directly based on plautine originals. His plautine elements in plautus originally published in german in 1922 revolutionized the study of roman comedy. Travels through the foreign imaginary on the plautine stage.
Download the dramatic values in plautus pdf file size. Miles gloriosus, menaechmi, bacchides, hecyra and adelphoe hackett publishing co. Amphitryon 339 writing burlesque, was the author of an amphitryon. Plautus simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Little is known for certain about the life and personality of plautus, who ranks with terence as one of the two great roman comic dramatists.
Plautus plays are without exception new comedy palliatae, i. This translation makes it accessible to an englishspeaking readership for the first time. The panoply of stock characters and conventions that roman comedy has inherited from greek. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the widget. Titus maccius plautus was the first playwright to become popular at this time, followed soon by publius terentius afer. Edison transferred these accessory elements from the. Others want to carry documents around with them on their mobile phones and read while they are on the move.307 991 111 1003 906 1027 924 1421 1275 751 649 1080 1073 1518 46 1201 466 276 1338 758 685 43 219 173 1531 1533 754 1344 889 1179 350 474 1099 760 1103 737 871 477